धर्मंगुब्धर्मकृत धर्मी सद्सत्क्षर मक्षरम |
अविज्ञाता सहस्रांशु विधाता कृतलक्षण: || ५१||
Dharmagubdharmakrit dharmee sadasatksharamaksharam|
Avigyaata sahasraamshurvidhaata kritalakshana || 51||
This stanza dissects keenly the aspects of knowing, knowledge, the known and the knower; in fact also the one seeking to know, but then it soon concludes that the seeker of knowledge is the Known. All the naams here point towards all these and hence Bhagawan as the superset of all these. Just as (say) when we are held upfront close to a huge elephant and cannot get a distance view, we say the ears are like that of an elephant, the skin is like that of an elephant, the body is huge like an elephant’s,,, and eventually we say, Oh but this IS an elephant... likewise the knowing, the known, the one seeking to know, the knowledge.. are all different ‘views’ of Bhagawan. When Bhagawan tries to know, He is me the seeker; what I try to know is He; the methods I adopt to know Him, is He...and so on.
So this stanza negates, affirms, convinces, and finally concludes that what we all seek to know is the One of six glories, the very Goal where we are/were being led to anyway by our dear Agranee! So, what we seek is where we land and the path of Knowledge that leads up to there is governed by the Lord.
And this Lord is everything. He makes the Law, is the Law, He supports the Law. He is all things existing, He is all things unreal, He is all things perishable and all things imperishable.... Yet the Law that He has created to govern this creation cannot be known easily. The jiva grapples with Asat and Ksharam to reach the Sat and Aksharam to reach the Vidhaata.
The Lord is Dharma. This is the fundamental axis on which the jiva is hoisted and led onward. Every aspect of Creation works on the pivot of Dharma. Everything in Creation has a Law that is core to its existence. Like the wetness of water. The jiva too has his dharma. But he knows it not. This human life has been given to him to unravel his dharma, adhere to it and doing so, reach Brahman. But the law is concealed (Dharmagup). This dharma lies concealed by the very nature of things.
Yet this Dharma has been made by Bhagawan (Dharmakrit). Every item in creation must have its own law by which it must abide, this is the bigger plan of the Lord. Even in the yagna theory of Ch 4 of Gita, we come to realise that it is in abiding by my nature that I do best towards a yagna.
Both these make Him Dharmee, the supporter of Dharma, the owner of the Law. To know the Lord, to reach Him, we need to understand His law. This is actually a very important aspect to understand. To attain Bhagawan we have to first align our life with His dharma, with the dharma that He has ascribed to us, by which we have to abide. Without that, nothing else has meaning.
So the components of this Dharma are Sat, Asat, Ksharam and Aksharam. The Supreme Consciousness, Bhagawan, manifests as all things created, the world we may say. That is how we come to understand the existence principle, as in when we say, I am, the table is. But in understanding the Law, we come to see that I myself am made up of Sat and asat, Ksharam and Aksharam. The body is perishable, yet I am. Bhagawan as Consciousness enlivens my matter equipment and thus I say I am. But I need to go beyond the manifested (Asat) and know the Existence that never perishes (Sat). He is the unchanging substratum upon which all creation rises and falls as waves do in the Ocean. The fall of the wave does not reduce the Ocean or its identity. Like the wave is a form of the water in the ocean, so is the jiva.
Beyond the manifested is Bhagawan as the power driver. When the body falls, He still is. Both Sat and Asat are He. The body is He and the life force is He.
But the law of creation has been so designed that what is manifested is perishable (Ksharam). Some perish soon, some perish at the end of a kalpa. If we probe deeper, we will see that Bhagawan manifests as creation and takes on the quality of suffering from mutation. What appears to perish is nothing but the changeless Brahman appearing to mutate.
But beyond the seeming perishable is the imperishable, immutable, ever Existent Consciousness, Brahman. Aksharam. It is this unchanging, never changing, non-changeable Essence that allows the cognition of the changing. Like if I change from a blue t-shirt to a yellow t-shirt, you can say that X has changed her t-shirt. You are able to attribute that change to X because behind the clothes is the essential X. Likewise we see trees flowering, fruit ripening, and come autumn we see the fall of all leaves and the tree go barren...all this is change upon the unchanging Creation, the unchanging wearer of these clothes.
The jiva may say he knows all this. May develop an intellectual understanding of these laws and hence seemingly of Bhagawan. But this knowledge cannot take one to Bhagawan. Even if He is the owner of these laws, maker of these laws, these laws itself, one cannot attain the Lord by knowing all this; but only by Grace. So even if the jiva experiences doership, the knowing of doership happens in the BMI. Bhagawan is the Consciousness behind this doership, but he does experience the PFT or carry any distorted knowledge of doership, hence He is Avijnata.
Knowledge is light or light is what reveals knowledge. All that we seek to know about the Lord are if a 1000 rays. These are revealed to us through the light (Sahasraamsuh) that replaces the darkness of ignorance in us. This sahasramsuh reveals to us our ignorance as well as reveals to us the knowledge that lies in the dark in us.
The receiving of Knowledge, the grace that reveals Knowledge is a karmaphala that Bhagawan as Vidhaata gives us. He is the vidhaatra who (as he shepherds us towards the Goal) gives us the grace of knowing.
For, that Goal also is His, created by Him. Kritalakshanah. The experiences that we need to flush out our vaasanas are also created /designed by Him. The shubbheccha that rises in us urging us to give up all this to find out all That, is also His creation and design. In toto, all these are created by Him with a view to attaining the Goal. Kritalakshanah.
So we saw the components of Knowledge, how they can be roadblocks and how they were designed to ensure we purge our vaasanas, develop shubbhechha and receive the Grace of Knowing Him.