Summary of 7th Chapter
The last verse of 6th chapter is the seed of this chapter.It has three points:
1, Mam- Nature of Me(God)
2, Bhajate- Nature of Bhakti(devotion)
3,Madgatenantratma- Nature of Bhakta(devotee)
I am going to summarize this chapter verse by verse.
In verse 1, God says, O Arjuna, the way you will Know Me without any doubt and surely in full that you listen. For that you need to fix your mind in Me having deep love for Me. Thus, God has described the ingredients of the Adhikari to have this Knowledge.
In verse 2, He says, this Knowledge about Me is as per the scriptures as also you can experience it, Knowing which there remains nothing to be Known again.
IN verse 3,He says, among limitless people a rare one makes efforts for liberation-strives for to develop vivek, vairagya, etc, and among them one comes to Know My true nature.so, this Knowledge is very rare.This God has said to kindle interest in Arjun.
Verse 4,5,6 and 7, God says, I have two Prakriti (aspects), one is Apara which is eight fold and each one is different, it is inferior and inert. The other one is Para which is superior and sentient and holds the entire universe. These two are the source of entire creation. I, pure consciousness, am cause of birth,dissolution,and sustainance.therefore, there is nothing other than Me and nothing is greater than Me.Entire universe is woven in Me like the beads are woven in thread. I am hidden like the thread is.And the people do not see Me.
God has shown special manifestation of Himself in verses 9 to 12.He says, I am the essence in the things.A thing is thing because of My presence in that thing. For example, water is water because of its taste. I am taste in water,brilliant effulgence in Sun and Moon,manliess in men,intelligence in wise, strength in strong,etc,.all the substances and their properties born of sattva,rajas and tamas gunas have sprung from Me.But I am not in them they are in Me. I am not in their changes.
People are carried away by the substances and their properties and,therefore, do not Know Me, who is higher and undecaying.(13)
My Maya which is divine and exists in Me is difficult to cross over,but those who surrender to me,worship Me,they can destroy this Maya(14).
But then why people do not worship You? To this He says;Duskritinah,evil doers,who are; foolish,people of inferior category,those whose Knowledge has been taken away by Maya,people of demoniacal nature do not worship Me(15). On the other hand,people of virtuous deeds,who are of four kinds:the afflicted,seeker of Knowledge,seeker of wealth and the man of Knowledge,worship Me(16).Of them the man of Knowledge is special because he is ever united with Me and has single pointed devotion to Me.in view of this I am extremely dear to him and he is dear to Me(17).
All of them are good because they have come to Me for the fullfillment of their desires.But jnani,man of Knowledge,is My Self as he ever remains united with Me After many births the man of Knowledge worships Me and realises that Vasudev,the pure consciousness,is every where. Such a person is big Self. He is rare to be seen(18,19).
But then why people do not realize You as Self. To this He says: Guided by their Vasanas, impressions generated in earlier lives and in this life,they in order to fulfill their trifling desires of various objectives worship with faith smaller deities, following relevant methods, And I make their faith stable towards that particular deity to whom they want to worship with faith.He then with the faith worships that deity and I disperse the fruit through that deity.But the fruit of worship to smaller deity is limited where as the fruit of My worship is unlimited because I am unlimited.The worshipers of Devatas get Deva Loka whereas My devotees get Me(20 to 23).
But when the devotion to God gives best result,why people worship gods? To this He says:
The people who do not have right understanding,they think of Me that earlier I was unmanifest and now I have taken birth like any other person. It is because of this they do not Know My higher nature which is unsurpassabe and immutable.Further, veiled by My Yog Maya which is My Will I do not come in front of every body,so the deluded persons do not Know My true nature that I am unborn and undecaying Since My yog-maya belongs to Me and is under My control,it does not obstruct My Knowledge, therefore, I Know the persons that have gone by,that are present now and that are going to come.But no body,except My devotee,knows Me.All beings are deluded by the joy and sorrows of their life occasioned by their likes and dislikes which is there since birth.But those whose sins have come to an end by their virtuous deeds,they becoming free from delusion of joy and sorrow,with firm vow worship Me(24 to 28)
Those who have taken refuge in Me strive by developing discrimination and dispassion for the liberation from old age and death,they Know That Brahman(indicated by tat pad in tattvamasi mahavakya), individual Self and all actions(29)
Finally in verse 30,He says;
Those persons who Know Me along with adhibhut,adhidaiv,adhiyagy even at the time of death when they have no control over body and mind,they, who have absorbed their mind in Me, Know Me.