THE CHAPTER Ten has been given the title of Vibhuti Yoga , or the yoga of divine manifestations.
This chapter deals with the special manifestations of God and reveals that His exalted position
as the Cause of all Causes.The exposition of the knowledge of nirguna and saguna Brahma
contained in chapters seven,eight and nine having become hard to understand,the Lord introduces this chapter in order to expound the truth clearly once more in a different way.
In this Verse the Lord conveys Arjuna that it essential to know the truth relating to Bhakti or devotion to Lord and it is exceptionally hard to understand ;hence he should hear it with great attention , reverence and love . By using the word priyamanaya for Arjuna the Lord indicates that His love for him is exceedingly great and he listens to the Lord's words with utmost reverence and love. Hence unasked by him ,without least hesitation ,Lord repeatedly unravels to Arjuna the mystery of His most sacred virtues , glory and truth. The word' hitakaya' indicates that Arjuna's love and devotion had filled the Lord's heart with solicitude for the latter's welfare.Therefore, whatever the Lord proposed to tell him was naturally an expression of His solicitude for his welfare.
The Lord takes various forms as Brahma,Vishnu and Siva for the creation,maintenance and destruction of the universe respectively.He also takes different incarnations like the divine fish Tortoise,Rama etc.for the destruction of the wicked and protection of his devotees,for establishing righteousness.
Prabhavam refers all this manifestations of God.On what particular occasion, in what particular forms, for what particular reasons and in what particular manner does God manifest Himself are divine secrets and the reality of which is not known even to the Gods or to the great sages who possess knowledge of pretersensual things.' The word suragana' stands for various Gods recongnised by the Shastras, such as the eleven Rudras, the eight Vasus,the twelve Adityas,prajapati,the 49 maruts,the twin ashinikumars, Indras and so on. Maharshayas are the seven great sages. The Lord seeks to convey that the gods and all sages from whom this world has evolved have originated from him. He is both their material and instrumental cause; and power possessed by them are all whatever learning,wisdom, energy, lustre are derived from Him.