Hari Om. Pranam.
Here are the Verses 27-29 for our discussion. Please post your thoughts,
your study notes, reflections on these verses.
Offering this garland of verses to you O Krishna with Love from all of
us...please help us in our studies.
सर्वाणीन्द्रियकर्माणि प्राणकर्माणि चापरे |
आत्मसंयमयोगाग्नौ जुह्वति ज्ञानदीपिते || २७ ||
sarvan-indriya-karmani prana-karmani capare,
atma-samyama-yog-agnau juhvati jnana-dipite
सर्वाणि- sarvani – all,इन्द्रियकर्माणि- indriya-karmani-functions of the senses, प्राण कर्माणि -prana-karmani-functions of the breath (vital energy),च- ca-and,अपरे- apare-others, आत्म संयम योगअग्नौ -atma-samyama-yoga-agnau – in the fire of the Yoga of self-restraint, जुह्वति juhvati – sacrifice,ज्ञान दीपिते - jnana-dipite- kindled by knowledge.
27. Others again sacrifice all the functions of the senses and the functions of the breath ( vital energy) in the fire of the Yoga of self-restraint, kindled by knowledge.
द्रव्ययज्ञास्तपोयज्ञा योगयज्ञास्तथापरे |
स्वाध्यायज्ञानयज्ञाश्च यतय: संशितव्रता: || २८ ||
dravya-yajnas tapo yajna yoga yajnas tatha pare
svadhyaya jnana yajnas ca yatayah samsita vratah
द्रव्य यज्ञा: -dravya-yajnah – those who offer wealth as sacrifice,तपो यज्ञा:- tapo-yajna – those who offer austerity as sacrifice,
योग यज्ञा:- yoga-yajnah – those who offer yoga as sacrifice, तथा -tatha – again, अपरे- apare – others,
स्वाध्याय ज्ञान यज्ञा: - svadhyaya-jnana-yajnah – those who offer study and knowledge as sacrifice, च- ca- and,
यतय:- yatayah – ascetics or anchorities ( persons of self restraint), संशित व्रता: - samsita-vratah – persons of rigid vows.
28. Others again offer wealth,austerity and Yoga as sacrifice, while the ascetics of self – restraint and rigid vows offer study of scriptures and knowledge as sacrifice.
अपाने जुह्वति प्राणं प्राणेSपानं तथापरे |
प्राणापानगती रुद्ध्वा प्राणायामपरायणा: || २९ ||
apaane juhvati praanam praane paanam tathaapare
praanaapanagatee ruddhvaa praanaayaamaparayanaa:
अपाने - in the incoming breath, जुह्वति -sacrifice, प्राणं - the outgoign breath, प्राणे - in the outgoing breath, अपानं - the incoming breath, तथा - thus, अपरे - others, प्राण अपान गती - courses of the out going and in coming breaths, रुद्ध्वा - restraining, प्राणायाम परायणा: - solely absorbed in the restraint (regulation) of breath i e life energy
29. Others offer as sacrifice, the out going breath in the in coming, and the in coming in the outgoing, restraining the courses of the out going and in coming breaths, solely absorbed in the restraint of breath.
Terms and definitions:
8. What is ‘atma-samyama-yoga?
Yoga of self –restraint.
9. Define the terms ‘puraka’, ‘kumbhaka’ and ‘ recaka’.
In the technique of pranayama, the process of filling in air is ‘puraka’, the process of blowing out is ‘ recaka’ and holding the breath for some tine within or without is called ‘ kumbhaka’. ( 4.29)
10. What is prana? What are the five types of prana?
The term "prana" indicates the various physiological functions in a living body.
The five types of prana are:
1. the function of respiration (prana)
2. the function of excretion (apana)
3. the function of digestion and assimilation (samana)
4. the function of blood circulation (vyana)
5. the function of involuntary reverse actions (like vomiting etc) as well as the capacity in a living creature to improve himself in his mental outlook and intellectual life (udana) (4.29)
Thoughts and Concepts
25. What is ‘dravya-yajna’?
‘Dravya-yajna’is ‘sacrifice of wealth’. Charity and distribution of heonestly acquired wealth, in a sincere spirit of service to an individual or the community, is called ‘dravya-yajna’. This includes more than a mere offering of money or food. The word’dravya’ includes everything that we possess, not only in the world outside but also in our worlds of emotions and ideas. To pursue thus a life of charity , serving the world as best as we can, with all that we possess physically, mentally and intellectually is the noble sacrifice called ‘dravya-yajna’ ( 4.28)
26. What is ‘ svadhyaya-yajna’?
The daily deep study of scriptures is called ‘ svadhyaya.’ Without a complete study of the scriptures we will not be in a position to know the logic of what we are doing in the name of spiritual practice, and without this knowledge our practices cannot gain the edge and the depth that are essential for sure progress. Even after Self Realisation, we find that the Sages spend all their spare-time reading and contemplating upon the inexhaustible wealth of details and suggestions in the scriptures.
‘ Svadhyaya’ also includes the art of introspection pursued for understanding our own inner weaknesses. If, in the case of a seeker, ‘ svadhyaya yajna’ is a technique of estimating his own spiritual progress, in the case of a Seer, it will be for reveling in his own Self. ( 4.28).
27. What is "jnaan yajna"?
"Jnaan yajna" is a term given to that activity in man by which he renounces all his ignorance into the "fire of knowledge" kindled by him, in himself. This is constituted of two aspects: 1. negation of the false and 2. assertion of the real nature of the Self and are effectively undertaken during the seeker's meditation. (4.28)